Criminal Action

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As defined in the Criminal Procedure Law, a criminal action "(a) commences with the filing of an accusatory instrument against a defendant in a criminal court, as specified in [Criminal Procedure Law § 1.20 (17)]; (b) includes the filing of all further accusatory instruments directly derived from the initial one, and all proceedings, orders and motions conducted or made by a criminal court in the course of disposing of any such accusatory instrument, or which, regardless of the court in which they occurred or were made, could properly be considered as a part of the record of the case by an appellate court upon an appeal from a judgment of conviction; and (c) terminates with the imposition of sentence or some other final disposition in a criminal court of the last accusatory instrument filed in the case."[1]


  1. Criminal Procedure Law § 1.20 (16).